This Assignment Project will introduce the student to the various tools, models, and theories that can be used for preparedness including the five steps of the FEMA Planning System.

In any discipline including crises, the importance to look at the different sciences and theories to consider and apply is crucial. The models and theories that can apply to crises can be taken from various planning, leadership, and modeling applications. These theories, models, and tools vary and will depend on the type of situation faced.

During this module, some of the different models, theories, and tools will be considered and surveyed. In the Case study, the student will survey and synthesize these to the FEMA Planning System.

Program Management
Testing and Exercises
Program Improvement
Crisis management models and theories, and applications

There are many models, theories, and applications for crisis management. Some of these include:

A Crisis Management Model
Business Continuity Planning
Crisis Emergency Management Planning
Crisis Leadership
Contingency Planning
Diffusion of innovation theory
Integrated Risk Management (IRM)
Roles of apologies in Crisis Management
Social Media and Crisis Management
Structural-functional system theory
Unequal human capital theory
For this SLP Assignment, you are to answer the following:

From the list above, select number 7 (Integrated Risk Management) and three others.

Briefly describe each. Indicate which of these, in your opinion, are the most important. Justify your answers.
Discuss how these would be incorporated into a crisis management program–keeping in mind the FEMA Planning System.

*Assignment Expectations
Properly cite the quotations that you use to support your statements. Use in-text references as needed to support your points.

Length: This SLP assignment should be at least 45 pages, not counting the title page and references. Paper format: (a) Cover page, (b) Header, (c) Body. Including an Abstract page/opening. The abstract begins on a new page and includes the page header. The word Abstract (no bold, italics, underlining) is centered on the first line of the page.
On the next line begins a brief yet succinct summary (abstract) of the main points of the paper. The summary is a single double-spaced paragraph and is not indented. It is typically between 150 and 250 words and includes the research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions.

References: At least two references should be included from academic sources (e.g., peer-reviewed journal articles). Required readings are included. Quoted material should not exceed 10% of the total paper (since the focus of these assignments is critical thinking). Use your own words and build on the ideas of others.  When material is copied verbatim from external sources, it MUST be enclosed in quotes. The references should be cited within the text and also listed at the end of the assignment in the References section (preferably in APA format). 

Organization: Subheadings should be used to organize your paper according to question.

Grammar and Spelling: While no points are deducted for minor errors, assignments are expected to adhere to standards guidelines of grammar, spelling, punctuation, and sentence syntax. Points may be deducted if grammar and spelling impact clarity.

The following items will be assessed in particular:

Relevanceall content is connected to the question.
Precisionspecific question is addressed.  Statements, facts, and statistics are specific and accurate.
Depth of discussionpoints that lead to deeper issues are presented and integrated.
Breadthmultiple perspectives and references, multiple issues and factors considered.
Evidencepoints are well supported with facts, statistics, and references.
Logicpresented discussion makes sense; conclusions are logically supported by premises, statements, or factual information.
Claritywriting is concise, understandable, and contains sufficient detail or examples.
Objectivityuse of first person and subjective bias is avoided.

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